Hardware standardization means you can find a motherboard that perfectly suits your needs, no matter what they are. Whether you need a large board for lots of expansion slots or a tiny board for a compact build, there’s a solution for you. With different standards for motherboards, you can find the perfect board for your needs. Whether you need a large ATX board, a smaller MicroATX, or even a Mini-ITX, there is a standard that will work for you. Motherboards come in different sizes to accommodate different cases. The most common form factors are ATX, MicroATX, and Mini-ITX. You can find a board that is the right size for your case and your needs.
PC Motherboards: The Basics
A motherboard, also known as a mainboard, system board, or logic board, is the main circuit board in a computer. It is usually rectangular in shape and mounted in a computer case. The motherboard contains the central processing unit (CPU), memory, bus controllers, peripheral interface controllers (PICs), and a variety of connectors. Many motherboards also include adapters for connecting extra devices such as hard drives, graphics cards, and optical drives.
There are three main motherboard sizes: ATX, microATX, and mini-ITX. ATX motherboards are the largest and most common; microATX motherboards are smaller and have fewer slots and connectors; and mini-ITX motherboards are the smallest and have the fewest features.
Each size has its own specifications, including mount points locations, I/O panel, connectors, and all connection interfaces. ATX measures 12 inches by 9.6 inches, and it can accommodate larger graphics cards and CPUs. If you’re looking for a motherboard that will give you plenty of space to work with, then ATX is the way to go.
Motherboard Sizes & Types
The three most common form factors for motherboards are ATX, MicroATX, and Mini-ITX. ATX boards are by far the largest, measuring in at 12 inches by 9.6 inches. MicroATX boards are about two thirds the size of an ATX board, measuring in at 9.6 inches by 9.6 inches. Mini-ITX boards are the smallest, measuring just 6.7 inches by 6.7 inches.
While ATX is the most popular form factor, it might not be the best choice for everyone. If you’re looking for a smaller board to save space in your case, then MicroATX or Mini-ITX might be a better fit for you. Conversely, if you need more expansion slots or want to use a bigger processor, then an ATX board might be a better choice. It all depends on your needs and what you want to do with your PC.
ATX motherboards typically measure 12 inches by 9.6 inches. They are typically used in desktop PCs and include a number of features not found on smaller boards, like support for multiple graphics cards and larger heatsinks. These are by far the most popular type of motherboard. They offer a good balance of features, performance, and expansion options, making them a good choice for most builds. They have a number of key features that set them apart from other types of motherboards.
For one, ATX motherboards typically have more onboard ports and connectors than other types of motherboards. This makes them a good choice for builds that require lots of connectivity options, such as gaming rigs or workstations. Additionally, They tend to have better performance and overclocking potential than other types of motherboards. They also offer more flexibility when it comes to expansion, making them a good choice for builds that may need to be upgraded in the future.
MicroATX motherboards are the next largest, measuring 244mm x 244mm. They are used in small form factor PCs and feature reduced port count and connector options compared to ATX boards. These are the smallest, measuring 170mm x 170mm. These boards often used in portable or embedded systems due to their small size and low power requirements. They typically have four expansion slots, which is fewer than full-sized ATX motherboards, but still enough for most builds. They also often have fewer USB ports and SATA connectors than their larger counterparts, so keep that in mind when choosing your components.
Despite their smaller size, MicroATX motherboards still offer plenty of options for overclocking and tweaking your system to get the best performance possible. So if you’re looking for a compact motherboard that doesn’t sacrifice features, a MicroATX model is a good choice.
MicroATX motherboards are a great choice for a home or office computer because they offer many of the same features as full-sized ATX motherboards, but in a smaller form factor. This makes them ideal for use in small cases or cramped spaces.
Mini ITX Motherboards
Mini ITX motherboards are the smallest form factor of motherboard available, measuring just six and a half inches square. Despite their small size, Mini-ITX boards are surprisingly versatile, and can be used in a wide range of applications. They are popular among DIY builders and system integrators due to their small size and low price point, and are often used in home theater systems, small form factor PCs, and other embedded systems.
One downside to Mini-ITX boards is that they typically have limited expansion options. Most boards only have one or two PCIe slots, which can limit your ability to add peripherals like graphics cards or network adapters. Additionally, the onboard chipset can restrict your choice of processors. If you’re looking for a motherboard that offers significant expansion options and supports powerful processors, you may want to consider a larger form factor like ATX or microATX.
How to choose the right motherboard for your needs
When choosing a motherboard, there are a few things you need to consider. The first is the form factor. Motherboards come in three form factors: ATX, microATX, and mini-ITX. The ATX form factor is the largest and most common, while the mini-ITX form factor is the smallest.
The second thing you need to consider is the number of slots and ports. Most motherboards come with at least one PCIe slot, which is used for graphics cards, and four USB ports. However, if you need more slots or ports, you’ll need to look for a motherboard with more of them.
The third thing you need to consider is the chipset. The chipset determines which processors the motherboard can use, as well as other features like overclocking and RAID support. You should always choose a motherboard that has a chipset that supports the type of processor you want to use.
Finally, you need to consider your budget. Motherboards range in price from around $50 to $500 or more. Choose the motherboard that fits your needs and your budget.